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Neocons | Military Industrial Complex | Globalization

The 20s and 30s

Plans to over-throw President Roosevelt | 9:57 *Smedley Butler's famous speech | 1:25 More on Prescott Bush | 9:38
The Guardian Article

Meet Smedley Butler | CorbettReport | | 45:50

End of WWII - Start of the Military Industrial Complex

prescott-bush*Military-Industrial Complex from Eisenhower to Obama | 15:56

*"Why We Fight" by Eugene Jarecki, is a 2006 documentary film about the military - industrial complex. | 1:38:41 good documentary


The New American Century (2009) [1:34:23] See list of neocons way below *BBC Series - The Power Of Nightmares, Neoconservatives (part1) | 59:00

*BBC Series - The Power Of Nightmares, Neoconservatives (part2) | 57:58 *BBC Series - The Power Of Nightmares, Neoconservatives (part3) | 57:58

Bill Moyers | On the rise of NeoCons | 3:46
     Full Length | Bill Moyers | Buying the War | 04/25/07 | 56:00
Bill Moyers | Victor Gold on the Republican Party | 06/29/07 | 20:22

*Rebuilding Americas Defenses.pdf
Wikipedia | Project for the New American Century


Globalization didn't really start with Ronald Reagan and Margret Thatcher, but their time in office is an iconic place to start.

commanding-heights1 commanding-heights2 commanding-heights3
*PBS | Commanding Heights - The Battle for the World Economy - EP1 | 1:55:25 *PBS | Commanding Heights - The Battle for the World Economy - EP2 | 1:55:25 *PBS | Commanding Heights - The_Battle for the World Economy - EP3 | 1:55:31

*The Shock Doctrine (2009) by Naomi Klein [1:18:38]  good documentary
I just ran across another good term: Global Economic Re-engineering

Supporting Information
Partial list of Neocons

  1. Richard Perle
  2. Paul Wolfowitz
  3. Douglas Feith
  4. Michael Ledeen
  5. Scooter Libby
  6. Charles Krauthammer
  7. Stephen Bryen
  8. David Frum
  9. Robert Kagan
  10. David Wurmser
  11. Dov Zakheim
  12. Henry Kissenger
  13. Norman Podhoretz
  14. John Podhoretz
  15. Elliot Abrams
  16. Frederick Kagan
  17. Donald Kagan
  18. Alan Dershowtiz
  19. Daniel Pipes
  20. Eliot Cohen
  21. Bill Kristol
  22. Irving Kristol
  23. Max Boot
  24. James Schlesinger
  25. Marc Grossman
    Religion: Jewish
  26. Joshua Bolten

Also: Wikipedia - New American Century
Partial list of people associated with the Project For The New American Century.

People are identified as being connected to the PNAC because either they are listed on the organisation's web site, or their names appear as authors/contributors on official PNAC documents. Information current to Dec. 2004. [back to main document] Abramowitz, Morton - Senior Fellow at the Century Foundation.

  1. Abrams, Elliot - National Security Council -- top advisor on the Middle East. Alumnus of the Heritage Foundation.
    History: As Assistant Secretary of State for Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs under Reagan, was responsible for covering up war crimes committed by the U.S. backed Contras. Was charged in connection with the Iran-Contra affair, and pled to lesser charges. Was later pardoned by Bush Sr. The British media reported Elliot was behind the attempted Chavez coup in Venezuela.
  2. Allen, Richard V. - member: National Security Advisory Board, and the Defense Policy Board. President of the Richard V. Allen Company (consulting firm). Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institute.
    History: founding chairman for the Heritage Foundation's Asian Studies Center. Founding member of the Committee on the Present Danger. Former board member of the Center for Strategic and International Studies. Assistant to the President for National Security affairs during the Reagan administration, but forced from office over suspected financial misconduct.
  3. Anderson, Mark A. - unable to verify biographical information from multiple sources (other than PNAC involvement).
  4. Armitage, Richard - Deputy Secretary of State.
    History: Former board member of CACI, the private military contractor whose employees were responsible for torturing prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison. Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs during the Reagan Administration. Named by the government as one of the people guilty of supplying weapons in the Iran Contra Affair, but never charged.
  5. Au, Andrew Y. - unable to verify biographical information from multiple sources (other than PNAC involvement).
  6. Bang-Jensen, Nina - executive director of the Coalition for International Justice.
  7. Bao-Lord, Bette - member of the Council on Foreign Relations (director until 2003). Chairman of Freedom House. Wife of ex-ambassador to China Winston Lord, who is Co-chairman of the International Rescue Committee.
  8. Barnett, Roger - professor at the Naval War College (a government facility).
    History: Vice President of the National Institute for Public Policy. Professor at Georgetown University.
  9. Bauer, Gary -- founder of the Campaign for Working Families, president of American Values.
    History: past president of the Family Research Council. Under Secretary of Education in the Reagan administration.
  10. Bennet, William J. -- co-director of Empower America, co-director of Partnership for a Drug-Free America, Distinguished Fellow of the Heritage Foundation. Writer.
    History: Secretary of Education under Reagan.
  11. Bergner, Jeffrey - study group member of the Commission on National Security 21st Century. Member of the board of trustees for the Hudson Institute, and the Asia Foundation. His lobbying company represents a number of weapons contractors, among other major corporations.
    History: Staff Director for the Senate Foreign Relations Committee during the Reagan administration.
  12. Bernstein, Alvin - unable to verify biographical information from multiple sources (other than PNAC involvement).
  13. Bernstein, Robert L. - Professor at the National Defense University (a government facility).
    History: worked at the Naval War College (government facility), and in the Defense Department.
  14. Biddle, George - member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and Senior Vice President of the International Rescue Committee (allegedly a relief organisation).
  15. Bolton, John R. - Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security.
    History: Senior Vice President of the American Enterprise Institute. Assistant Secretary for International Organization Affairs for the Department of State under Bush Sr. Assistant Attorney General for the Department of Justice under Reagan.
  16. Boot, Max - Senior Fellow of the National Security Studies. Contributing Editor for the Weekly Standard.
    History: editor of the Wall Street Journal, writer and editor for the Christian Science Monitor.
  17. Bork, Ellen -- Deputy Director of the PNAC.
    History: Transatlantic Fellow of the German Marshall Fund.
  18. Boschwitz, Rudy - Presidential appointee to the Holocaust Memorial Council. One of the top fund-raisers for Bush Jr. in 2000. Founder of Home Valu Inc. Minnesota Senator (1978-1991).
  19. Buckley, William F. Jr. - owner of National Review magazine.
    History: CIA agent in the Fifties. Hosted the television show Firing Line.
  20. Bush, Jeb -- Governor of Florida.
    History: Banned convicted felons from voting in the 2000 presidential election, using an extremely inaccurate system to remove voting rights; allowed ineligible absentee ballots to be counted.
  21. Cambone, Stephen A. - Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence, Special Assistant to the Secretary and Director for Program Analysis and Evaluation -- Department of Defense.
    History: Special Assistant to Donald Rumsfeld just prior to current appointments. Director in the Defense Department during the Bush Sr. administration. Past deputy director in SRS Technologies (Defense contractor).
  22. Carlucci, Frank - Chairman Emeritus of the Carlyle Group, and Nortel Networks. Member of the board of United Defense Inc. Considered a protégé of D. Rumsfeld.
    History: Chairman of the Carlyle Group (1993-2000). Secretary of Defense during the Reagan administration. Deputy Director in the CIA. CIA agent. Accused of being behind the assassination of Congo Prime Minister Lumumba during the Sixties, but never charged.
  23. Cheney, Dick -- Vice President. Member of the Council on Foreign Relations. Employee(?) of Halliburton -- draws a one million dollar per year salary.
    History: worked for D. Rumsfeld in 1969. Presidential assistant to Gerald Ford. Secretary of Defense for Bush Sr. Halliburton CEO 1995 to 2000; gains the company 3.8 billion dollars in federal contracts and guaranteed loans. Upon becoming Vice President, Halliburton receives billions of dollars in Iraq contracts not tendered to other companies. Behind installing Rumsfeld, Paul Wolfowitz, John Bolton, and Elliot Abrams into their current positions in government. Wife Lynne is a senior fellow with the American Enterprise Institute. Daughter Elizabeth is Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Near East Affairs.
  24. Clemons, Steven C. - Executive Vice President of the New America Foundation.
  25. Cohen, Eliot A. - professor at Johns Hopkins University. Member of the Council on Foreign Relations.
    History: professor at the Naval War College. Previously worked for D. Rumsfeld.
  26. Cropsey, Seth - Director of the International Broadcasting Bureau.
    History: Director in the Heritage Foundation. Visiting Fellow in the American Enterprise Institute. Assistant Editor of the Public Interest (1976-77). Hudson Institute researcher. Deputy Under Secretary in the Department of the Navy during the Reagan administration.
  27. DeConcini, Dennis Webster - Chairman of the Board of Directors for the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children.
    History: eighteen years as Senator from Arizona. Member of the Balkan Action Committee.
  28. Dale, Helle - Director in the Heritage Foundation.
  29. Decter, Midge -- Writer. Heritage Foundation director. Wife of Norman Podhoretz. Claims to worship Donald Rumsfeld, and has written a book for Rumsfeld admirers.
  30. Dobriansky, Paula - Under Secretary of State for Global Affairs.
    History: Senior Vice President (Washington office) of the Council on Foreign Relations prior to appointment. Deputy Assistant Secretary for Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs for the Department of State in the Reagan administration.
  31. Donnelly, Thomas -- Deputy Executive Director of the PNAC.
    History: Director of Strategic Communication and Initiatives for Lockheed Martin Corp. (weapons contractor).
  32. Eberstadt, Nicholas - consultant for the State Department, consultant for the Bureau of the Census. Member of the American Enterprise Institute.
  33. Edgar, Robert (Rev. Dr.) - General Secretary of the National Council of Churches of Christ. Ordained as an United Methodist. Former Congressman.
  34. Epstein, David - employee at the Office of Secretary of Defense -- Net Assessment.
  35. Etzioni, Amitai - founder of the Communitarian Network, and editor of their magazine. Was Senior Advisor to the White House on Domestic Affairs during the Carter administration.
  36. Fautua, David - unable to verify biographical information from multiple sources (other than PNAC involvement).
  37. Feulner, Edwin J. Jr. - Heritage Foundation.
    History: advisor to President Reagan.
  38. Forbes, Steve -- President, CEO, and Editor-in-Chief of Forbes magazine.
    History: campaigned twice for the Republican nomination for president. Directed the dissemination of propaganda on Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty during both the Reagan and Bush Sr. administrations.
  39. Fradkin, Hillel - member of the Advisory Committee on International Education -- Department of Education. Part of Benador Associates, a publicity firm handling clients such as PNAC members R. Perle, J. Woolsey, F. Gaffney, C. Krauthammer, and M. Boot.
    History: Fellow in the American Enterprise Institute prior to government appointment.
  40. Friedberg, Aaron - Vice President's Deputy National Security Advisor.
    History: Fellow of the Council on Foreign Relations. Consultant for the CIA.
  41. Fukuyama, Francis - President's Council on Bioethics. Member of the Council on Foreign Relations.
  42. Gaffney, Frank -- President and CEO of the Center for Security Policy, Washington Times columnist, brother of Devon Gaffney-Cross.
    History: worked for Richard Perle during the Reagan administration.
  43. Gaffney-Cross, Devon - member of the Defense Policy Board (Pentagon). Member of the Board of Directors of the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments. Sister of Frank Gaffney.
  44. Gejdenson, Sam - owns Sam Gejdenson International. Congressman (D) 1981 - 2000.
  45. Gerecht, Reuel Marc -- Senior Fellow of the PNAC, Resident Fellow of the American Enterprise Institute.
    History: former CIA agent (1985 -- 1994). CBS News consultant on Afghanistan.
  46. Goldman, Merle - Adjunct Professor for the Foreign Service Institute of the State Department.
  47. Goure, Daniel - consultant for the Department of State, the Department of Defense, and the Department of Energy. Vice President of the Lexington Institute. Was a Study Team Leader for the Institute of Peace (1990-91).
  48. Halperin, Morton H. - director for the Council on Foreign Relations, and for the Open Society Institute.
  49. Hefferman, John - unable to verify biographical information from multiple sources (other than PNAC involvement).
  50. Hooper, James R. - Executive Director of the Balkan Action Council.
  51. Ikle, Fred C. -- Distinguished Scholar for the Center for Strategic and International Studies. Member of the Council on Foreign Relations.
    History: Under Secretary of Defense for Policy in the Reagan administration.
  52. Jackson, Bruce -- President of the Project on Transitional Democracies. President of the Committee on NATO.
    Member: Council on Foreign Relations, International Institute for Strategic Studies, Board of Advisors for the Center for Security Policy.
    History: Director of Strategic Planning for Lockheed Martin Corp. (weapons contractor). Worked for Richard Perle, Paul Wolfowitz, and Dick Cheney during the eighties.
  53. Joyce, Michael S. - founder of Americans for Community and Faith-Centered Enterprise, an organisation created to help push through Bush Jr.'s "Faith-Based Initiative". Member of the Research Council of America. Was part of the Presidential Transition Team for Reagan.
  54. Kagan, Donald -- Hillhouse Professor of History and Classics at Yale University. Writer. Father of Frederick and Robert Kagan.
  55. Kagan, Frederick - Professor of military history at West Point.
    History: co-wrote, with his father Donald and other PNAC contributors, "While America Sleeps".
  56. Kagan, Robert - co-founder of the PNAC. Contributing Editor for the Weekly Standard and the New Republic; columnist for the Washington Post. Member of the Council on Foreign Relations. Husband of Victoria Nuland, Deputy National Security Advisor to the Vice President.
    History: Deputy in the Department of State under Elliot Abrams during the Reagan administration.
  57. Kampelman, Max M. - Lawyer. Member of the Board of Trustees for Freedom House. Member of the Board of Advisors for the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs.
  58. Karatnycky, Adrian - member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and Freedom House.
    History: worked for the New York Times, Washington Post, and Washington Times.
  59. Kemble, Penn - Department of State -- Head, Eminent Persons Group, Sudan Slavery Commission. Senior Fellow in Freedom House.
  60. Kennedy, Craig - President of the German Marshall Fund.
  61. Khalilzad, Zalmay - Ambassador to Afghanistan, Special Presidential Envoy to Afghanistan, and Special Presidential Envoy to the Free Iraqis.
    History: Senior Director of the National Security Council (2001 -- 2003). Accused by candidates in the Afghan elections of arranging President Hamid Karzai's victory. Worked for Paul Wolfowitz at the State Department in 1984 -- 1985. Advisor to Unocal for their proposed gas pipeline project through Afghanistan (1997).
  62. Killebrew, Robert B. - Colonel (retired)
    History: Security Strategies study member for PNAC. Consultant to a variety of army and private institute military projects.
  63. Kirkpatrick, Jeane - on the executive committee of Freedom House, and the board of advisors of the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs. Member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and the Committee on the Present Danger. Former U.S. Ambassador. Member of the National Security Council under Reagan.
  64. Koh, Harold Hongju - Dean of Yale.
    History: Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights and Labor in the Clinton administration.
  65. Kovler, Peter - Nixon Center Advisory Council. Balkans Action Committee.
  66. Krauthammer, Charles - Presidential appointee to the President's Council On Bioethics. Columnist for the Washington Post. Contributing Editor for the New Republic, and the Weekly Standard. Member of the Editorial Board for the National Interest, and the Public Interest.
  67. Kristol, William - co-founder of the PNAC. Columnist for (and co-founder of) the Weekly Standard.
    History: Chief of Staff to Vice President Dan Quayle, Secretary of Education Chief of Staff under William Bennett during the Reagan administration.
  68. Lagon, Mark P. - Deputy Assistant Secretary of State.
    History: fellow of the Council on Foreign Relations. Deputy Director of the House Republican Committee. Senior advisor to Jeane Kirkpatrick - American Enterprise Institute.
  69. Lasswell, James - Employee of GAMA Corporation (war games, military training via software).
  70. Lehrman, Lewis E. - on the Board of Trustees for the Heritage Foundation, and the American Enterprise Institute. President and co-founder of the Citizens for America.
  71. Libby, I. Lewis - Assistant to the President, and Chief of Staff to the Vice President.
    History: after graduating law school, went to work for Paul Wolfowitz (1981 - 1985) at the State Department. Hired again by Wolfowitz in 1989, this time at the Pentagon.
  72. Lindberg, Tod - Research Fellow at the Hoover Institute. Editor of Policy Review journal.
  73. Mack, Connie III - Congressman for Florida. Previously served in the Florida House of Representatives (2000 - 2003).
  74. Maletz, Christopher -- Assistant Director of the PNAC.
  75. Markey, Mary Beth - Executive Director for the International Campaign for Tibet. Worked in the Senate Foreign Relations Committee prior to 1996.
  76. Martinage, Robert - consultant for the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments.
  77. McKivergan, Daniel -- Deputy Director of the PNAC. History: research director for The Weekly Standard (1995 -- 1997). Legislative director for Senator John McCain (2000), and for Congressman Dan Miller (1997).
  78. Meese, Edwin III - Heritage Foundation.
    History: Attorney General during the Reagan administration. Investigated for his involvement in the Iraq Bechtel pipeline deal (which also involved D. Rumsfeld) - not prosecuted, but resigned.
  79. Meilinger, Phil -- U.S. Naval War College.
  80. Muravchik, Joshua - Resident Scholar for the American Enterprise Institute. Member of the Board of Advisors for the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs.
  81. Owens, Mackubin - professor at the Naval War College (a government facility).
  82. Owens, Wayne - Deceased (December 18, 2002).
    History: eight years as Congressman (D) for Utah.
  83. Peretz, Martin - owner and Editor-in-Chief of the New Republic magazine.
  84. Perle, Richard N. - Pentagon Policy Advisor (resigned February 2004), member -- Defense Policy Board.
    Member: Balkan Action Committee, Committee on the Present Danger, American Enterprise Institute associate. On advisory board of the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs.
    History: Assistant Secretary of Defense under Reagan. FBI suspected Perle of spying for Israel in 1970 - not prosecuted.
  85. Pletka, Danielle - Vice President of Foreign and Defense Policy for the American Enterprise Institute.
    History: senior staff member of the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations (1992-2002).
  86. Podhoretz, Norman - member of the Council on Foreign Relations. Husband of Midge Decter, father-in-law of Elliot Abrams.
  87. Porter, John Edward - member of the RAND board of Trustees.
    History: Congressman until 2000.
  88. Quayle, J. Danforth - was Vice President under Bush Sr.
  89. Rodman, Peter W. - Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs.
    History: Staff Director of State Department Policy Planning under Reagan.
  90. Rosen, Stephen P. - Harvard professor.
    History: professor at the Naval War College. Director in the National Security Council under Reagan.
  91. Rowen, Henry S. - member of Department of Defense Policy Board. Presidential appointee to the Commission on the Intelligence Capabilities of the United States Regarding Weapons of Mass Destruction.
    History: Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs under Bush Sr. RAND Corporation president 1967--1972.
  92. Rumsfeld, Donald- Secretary of Defense.
    Member: Hoover Institution board of trustees, RAND Corporation, Empower America board, Freedom House board, Balkan Action Committee, Committee on the Present Danger, Center for Security Policy.
    History: Congressman from 1962 to 1969. Member of Nixon's cabinet. Member of Gerald Ford's cabinet and Secretary of Defense. Chaired Ballistic Missile Threat ("Rumsfeld") Commission in 1998.
  93. Scheunemann, Randy -- on PNAC Board of Directors, U.S. Committee on NATO Board of Directors. Treasurer for Project on Transitional Democracies. Lobbyist.
    History: Office of the Secretary of Defense - Consultant on Iraq Policy (2001).
  94. Schmitt, Gary -- Executive Director of the PNAC. Consultant to the Department of Defense.Member of the Board of Directors of the U.S. Committee on NATO. Visiting Fellow at the Brookings Institute. Adjunct Professor at John Hopkins University.
    History: Executive Director of the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board under Reagan.
  95. Schneider, William Jr. - Chairman of the Defense Science Board for the Department of Defense. President of International Planning Services, works for the lobbying company Jefferson Consulting Group. Previously served on the "Rumsfeld Commission".
  96. Shaw, Sin-Ming - resident scholar at Oxford University's Oriel College.
  97. Shulsky, Abram N. - Director: Defence Department's Office Of Special Plans, a division created by Paul Wolfowitz.
    History: Worked for the RAND corporation. Worked under Richard Perle in the Defense Department during the Reagan administration.
  98. Shultz, Richard - Professor of International Politics at the Fletcher School. Holds Chairs at the Naval War College and the U.S. Military Academy. Fellow at the Institute of Peace.
  99. Simon, Paul - Deceased (Dec. 9/03). Former Democratic Senator.
  100. Sokolski, Henry - Executive Director of the Nonproliferation Education Center.
    History: was Resident Fellow in the Heritage Foundation and the Hoover Institution. Was a Senior Legislative Aide for Senator Dan Quayle.
  101. Solarz, Stephen J.- vice chairman of the International Crisis Group. Member of the Council on Foreign Relations.
    History: Congressman for New York (1975-93)
  102. Sonnenfeldt, Helmut - Brookings Institution.
    History: member of the National Security Council. Advisor to President Nixon.
  103. Sussman, Leonard - executive director of Freedom House. Was a journalist in New York.
  104. Sweeney, John J. - President of the American Federation of Labor - Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO). Member of the Council on Foreign Relations.
  105. Taft, William Howard IV - Chief Legal Advisor to the Department of State.
    History: assistant to Casper Weinberger in the Nixon administration.
  106. Thornburgh, Dick - Lawyer. Past governor of Pennsylvania. Attorney General in the Reagan and Bush Sr. administrations.
  107. Tkacik, John - Heritage Foundation. President of China Business Intelligence. Worked in the State Department during the Reagan administration.
  108. Turner, Ed - unable to verify biographical information from multiple sources (other than PNAC involvement).
  109. Vickers, Michael - Director of Strategic Studies for the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments. Creator of "Future Warfare 20XX" games. Former CIA agent.
  110. Waldron, Arthur - board member of Freedom House, member of the Council on Foreign Relations.
    History: professor at the Naval War College (1991-97).
  111. Wallop, Malcolm - Heritage Foundation. Founder and Chairman of the Frontiers of Freedom.
    History: part of the Rumsfeld Commission. Senator for Wyoming (1977 - 1995).
  112. Watts, Barry D. - Director of Program Analysis and Evaluation -- Office of The Secretary of Defense.
    History: before government appointment, was a director in Northrop Gruman (weapons contractor).
  113. Webb, James - was Secretary of the Navy and Assistant Secretary of Defense during the Reagan administration.
  114. Weber, Vin - member of the National Commission on Public Service. Member of the German Marshall Fund -- board of trustees. Co-founder of Empower America. Partner in Clark & Weinstock.
    History: Congressman for Minnesota 1980 -- 1992.
  115. Weigel, George -- Senior Fellow at the Ethics and Public Policy Center.
    History: co-founded National Endowment for Democracy.
  116. Weinberger, Caspar W.-- writer.
    History: past publisher and chairman of Forbes magazine. Secretary of Defense under Reagan. Indicted on felony charges for his participation in supplying missiles to Iran, but pardoned by President Bush Sr.
  117. Weyrich, Paul M. -- President of the Free Congress Research and Education Foundation. National Chairman of Coalitions for America.
    History: co-founded Heritage Foundation. Co-founded the Moral Majority. Past treasurer of Council for National Policy.
  118. Williams, Christopher A. - Department of Defense -- Special Assistant to Donald Rumsfeld. Lobbyist for Boeing and Northrop Grumman Corporation (weapons contractors).
    History: member of Pentagon's Deterrence Concepts Advisory Panel, and member of Pentagon's Defense Policy Board during Bush Jr. administration.
  119. Windsor, Jennifer L. - Executive Director of Freedom House.
    History: previously held various positions at the U.S. Agency for International Development.
  120. Wolfowitz, Paul - Deputy Secretary of Defense, and Assistant to the Vice President.
    History: Head of the State Department's Policy Planning Staff under Reagan. Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Regional Programs under Carter.
  121. Woolsey, R. James - member of the Defense Policy Board, member of the Deterrence Concepts Advisory Panel, and member of the National Commission on Energy Policy. Trustee for the Center for Strategic and International Studies. Chairman of the Board of Trustees for Freedom House. Honorary Co-Chair of the National Security Advisory Council.
    History: Director of the CIA during Clinton administration.
  122. Wortzel, Larry - Director in the Heritage Foundation.
  123. Zakheim, Dov S. - Member of the advisory board for the American Jewish Committee, member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and Adjunct Scholar for the Heritage Foundation. Under Secretary and Chief Financial Officer for the Department of Defense (resigned April 15, 2004).
  124. Zoellick, Robert B. - U.S. Trade Representative and member of President's Cabinet.
    History: Under Secretary of State for Economic and Agricultural Affairs, then White House Deputy Chief of Staff in the Bush Sr. administration.

Commanding Heights
Episode 1 Episode 2 Episode 3

A global economy, energized by technological change and unprecedented flows of people and money, collapses in the wake of a terrorist attack .... The year is 1914.

Worldwide war results, exhausting the resources of the great powers and convincing many that the economic system itself is to blame. From the ashes of the catastrophe, an intellectual and political struggle ignites between the powers of government and the forces of the marketplace, each determined to reinvent the world's economic order.

Two individuals emerge whose ideas, shaped by very different experiences, will inform this debate and carry it forward. One is a brilliant, unconventional Englishman named John Maynard Keynes. The other is an outspoken émigré from ravaged Austria, Friedrich von Hayek.

But a worldwide depression holds the capitalist nations in its grip. In opposition to both Keynes and Hayek stand not only Hitler's Third Reich but Stalin's Soviet Union, schooled in the communist ideologies of Marx and Lenin and bent on obliterating the capitalist system altogether.

For more than half a century the battle of ideas will rage. From the totalitarian socialist systems to the fascist states, from the independent nations of the developing world to the mixed economies of Europe and the regulated capitalism of the United States, government planning will gradually take over the commanding heights.

But in the 1970s, with Keynesian theory at its height and communism fully entrenched, economic stagnation sets in on all sides. When a British grocer's daughter and a former Hollywood actor become heads of state, they join forces around the ideas of Hayek, and new political and economic policies begin to transform the world.


As the 1980s begin and the Cold War grinds on, the existing world order appears firmly in place. Yet beneath the surface powerful currents are carving away at the economic foundations.

Western democracies still struggle with deficits and inflation, while communism hides the failure of its command economy behind a facade of military might. In Latin America populist dictators strive to thwart foreign economic exploitation, piling up debt and igniting hyperinflation in the process. In India and Africa bureaucracies established to end poverty through scientific planning spawn black markets and corruption and stifle enterprise.

Worldwide, the strategies of government planning are failing to produce their intended results. From Bolivia and Peru to Poland and Russia, the free-market policies of Thatcher and Reagan are looked to as a possible blueprint for escape. One by one, economies in crisis adopt "shock therapy" -- a rapid conversion to free-market capitalism.

As the command economies totter and collapse, privatization transfers economic power back into entrepreneurial hands, and whole societies go through wrenching change. For some the demands and opportunities of the market provide a longed for liberation. Others, lacking the means to adapt, see their security and livelihood swept away. In this new capitalist revolution enlightened enterprise and cynical exploitation thrive alike. The sum total of global wealth expands, but its unequal distribution increases, too, and economic regeneration exacts a high human price.


With communism discredited, more and more nations harness their fortunes to the global free-market. China, Southeast Asia, India, Eastern Europe, and Latin America all compete to attract the developed world's investment capital, and tariff barriers fall. In the United States Republican and Democratic administrations both embrace unfettered globalization over the objections of organized labor.

But as new technology and ideas drive profound economic change, unforeseen events unfold. A Mexican economic meltdown sends the Clinton administration scrambling. Internet-linked financial markets, unrestricted capital flows, and floating currencies drive levels of speculative investment that dwarf trade in actual goods and services. Fueled by electronic capital and a global workforce ready to adapt, entrepreneurs create multinational corporations with valuations greater than entire national economies.

When huge pension funds go hunting higher returns in emerging markets, enterprise flourishes where poverty once ruled, but risk grows, too. In Thailand the huge reservoir of available capital proves first a blessing, then a curse. Soon all Asia is engulfed in an economic crisis, and financial contagion spreads throughout the world, until Wall Street itself is threatened. A single global market is now the central economic reality. As the force of its effects is felt, popular unease grows. Is the system just too complex to be controlled, or is it an insiders' game played at outsiders' expense? New centers of opposition to globalization form and the debate turns violent over who will rewrite the rules.

Yet prosperity continues to spread with the expansion of trade, even as the gulf widens further between rich and poor. Imbalances too dangerous for the system to ignore now drive its stakeholders to devise new means to include the dispossessed lest, once again, terrorism and war destroy the stability of a deeply interconnected world.

Partial list of Neocons (with details)

Richard Perle

"American political advisor and lobbyist who worked for the Reagan administration as an assistant Secretary of Defense and worked on the Defense Policy Board Advisory Committee from 1987 to 2004. He was Chairman of the Board from 2001 to 2003 under the Bush Administration."

"He is a member of several conservative think-tanks, such as Project for the New American Century (PNAC), the Hudson Institute, and (as a resident fellow) the American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research. He is also a Patron of the Henry Jackson Society."

"Perle has written extensively on a number of issues; his cited research interests including defense, national security, and the Middle East. Perle had long been an advocate of regime change in Iraq. He also linked Saddam to Osama Bin Laden just a few days after 9/11"

"Perle chaired a study group that included Douglas Feith and David Wurmser that produced a strategy paper for the incoming Likud Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu:"A Clean Break: A New Strategy for Securing the Realm"

"In a New York Times article Perle was criticized for recommending that the Army purchase an armaments system from an Israeli company that a year earlier had paid him $50,000 in consulting fees."


"In 1996, Perle participated in a study group that produced a report for the incoming Likud -led government of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in Israel that urged the country to break off then-ongoing peace initiatives and suggested strategies for reshaping the Middle East . Among the group's arguments was the idea that"removing Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq [was] an important Israeli strategic objective in its own right."


Paul Wolfowitz

"As U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense during the Presidency of George W. Bush, he was"a major architect of President Bush's Iraq policy and, within the Administration, its most passionate and compelling advocate" (Boyer 1)"


Douglas Feith

"Douglas Feith is a former Pentagon official closely associated with the neoconservative political faction who has been investigated for allegedly distorting prewar intelligence on Iraq. Feith served as the deputy undersecretary of defense for policy, the number three position at the Pentagon, from July 2001 to August 2005."

"Feith has been questioned by the FBI in relation to the passing by one of his employees of confidential Pentagon documents to the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC), which in turn passed them to the Israeli Embassy. The Senate Intelligence Committee is also investigating Feith ."

"There seems little doubt that he operated in the Pentagon in such a way as to produce false and misleading 'intelligence,' that he created an entirely false impression of Iraqi weapons capabilities and ties to al- Qaida , and that he is among the chief facilitators of the U.S. war in Iraq. Feith is clearly resigning ahead of the possible breaking of major scandals concerning his tenure at the Department of Defense, which is among the more disgraceful cases of the misleading of the American people in American history."

"Although Feith was not formally charged in connection to his work at the Pentagon, his work has been repeatedly investigated, and official reports have linked him to efforts to push faulty evidence to justify the war. One investigation, by the Department of Defense's inspector general (IG), was set up to assess whether the Office of Special Plans (OSP), a specialized outfit set up by Feith within the Pentagon to scrutinize intelligence on Iraq, deliberately skewed information about the regime of Saddam Hussein (New York Times, May 25, 2006)."

"Feith also served on the board of the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs (JINSA), a think tank that promotes a military and strategic alliance between the United States and Israel.

"Feith favors US support for Israel and has promoted US-Israeli cooperation. He also favors stronger US-Turkish cooperation, and increased military ties between Turkey and Israel. Both Feith and his father have been honored by the Zionist Organization of America(ZOA), a conservative organization that often makes common cause on foreign policy issues with conservative Christian organizations"

"His father, Dalck, was a member of the Betar, a Revisionist Zionist youth organization"


"The Betar Movement is a Revisionist Zionist youth movement founded in 1923 in Riga , Latvia , by Ze'ev Jabotinsky . Betar members played important roles in the fight against the British during the Mandate, and in the creation of Israel . It has been traditionally linked to the original Herutand then Likud Israelipolitical parties."


Michael Ledeen

"Ledeen was a founding member of the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs and he served on the JINSA Board of Advisors. In 2003, the Washington Post alleged that he was consulted by Karl Rove, George W. Bush's closest advisor, as his main international affairs adviser."

"Michael Ledeen had been accused of being involved in the forgery which claimed that Saddam Hussein had bought yellowcake in Niger ."

"Writing in The Nation, a left-wing magazine, Jack Huberman, who describes Ledeen as "the most influential and unabashed warmonger of our time", attributes these quotes to Ledeen

*"the level of casualties (in Iraq )is secondary"
*"we are a warlike people (Americans)...we love war"
*"Change - above all violent change - is the essence of human history"
*"the only way to achieve peace is through total war"
*"The purpose of total war is to permanently force your will onto another people"
*"Every ten years or so, the United States needs to pick up some small crappy little country and throw it against the wall, just to show the world we mean business"


Scooter Libby

"an American former corporate lawyer, policy advisor, and novelist who served as Assistant to the President of the United States, George W. Bush, Chief of Staff to the Vice President of the United States, Dick Cheney, and Assistant to the Vice President for National Security Affairs from 2001 to 2005."

"Libby was active in the Defense Policy Board Advisory Committee of the Pentagon when it was chaired by Richard Perle during the early years of the George W. Bush administration (2001-2003).[ 44]"

"British Secretary of State for Justice Jack Straw said of Libby:"It's a toss-up whether [he] is working for the Israelis or the Americans on any given day."


Charles Krauthammer

"Neoconservative columnist and commentator. Krauthammer appears regularly as a guest commentator on Fox News. His print work appears in the Washington Post, Time magazine and The Weekly Standard."

"Krauthammer asserted that Saddam Hussein's possession of weapons of mass destruction was certain"

"Krauthammer guaranteed that the weapons would eventually be discovered"

"Krauthammer has been a defender of the Likud party in Israel "


Stephen Bryen

"Bryen is also closely connected to various high-profile neoconservatives like Richard Perle, under whom Bryen served when Perle was President Ronald Reagan's assistant secretary of defense, and has supported the work of a number of hardline pro-Israel groups like the Center for Security Policy (CSP) and the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs (JINSA)."

"In the mid-1970s, Bryen and a group of other mainly neoconservative figures, including Michael Ledeen , helped establish JINSA as an important Washington-based think tank specializing in fostering close ties between the U.S. and Israeli militaries"

"Bryen had a role in choosing not only what U.S. weaponry Israel would be allowed to purchase with those funds, but also what sensitive U.S. military technology would be made available to Israel for use in its own burgeoning arms industry."

"Some observers have accused Bryen of using his insider connections in Washington to the benefit of Israel ."

"In a January 2002 article for National Review Online, Bryen pushed the erroneous thesis that Iraq had maintained a well-developed biological weapons program since the first Gulf War in 1991, making it the"leading threat" to"global survival."

"Even prior to the 9/11 terrorist attacks, Bryen was part of a core group of foreign policy hardliners and neoconservatives who pushed for overthrowing Saddam Hussein"


David Frum

"David J.Frum (born 1960) is a former speechwriter for President George W. Bush"

"Frum is widely cited as having authored the phrase"axis of evil,"

"Frum's latest book, An End to Evil, was co-written with Richard Perle. It provided a defense of the 2003 invasion of Iraq, and advocated regime change in Iran and Syria"

"Frum writes a weekly column for Canada's National Post newspaper and is a commentator for American Public Radio's "Marketplace." His writings appear frequently in the New York Times, Italy 's Il Foglio, and the Daily Telegraph. He also writes a blog, David Frum's Diary at the National Review Online Web site."


Robert Kagan

"American neoconservative scholar and political commentator."

"Kagan worked at the State Department Bureau of Inter-American Affairs (1985-1988) and was a speechwriter for Secretary of State George P. Shultz (1984-1985). Prior to that, he was foreign policy advisor to New York Representative and future Republican vice presidential candidate Jack Kemp"

"Kagan, who has written for The New Republic, Policy Review, the Washington Post (monthly), and the Weekly Standard, now lives in Brussels, Belgium, with his family."

"He is a co-founder of the Project for the New American Century (PNAC)"


David Wurmser

"David Wurmser is a Swiss-American dual citizen and the Middle East Adviser to US Vice President Dick Cheney. Wurmser, a neoconservative, previously served as special assistant to John R. Bolton at the State Department and was a former research fellow on the Middle East at the American Enterprise Institute (AEI)."

"In 2000, Wurmser helped draft a document entitled"Ending Syria's Occupation of Lebanon: the US Role?", which called for a confrontation with the regime in Damascus. The document said that Syria was developing"weapons of mass destruction"."

"After the September 11, 2001 attacks, Undersecretary of Defense Douglas Feith appointed Wurmser and veteran defense analyst Michael Maloof as a secret two-man Pentagon intelligence unit. One of their products, days after the attacks, was a memo that suggested"hitting targets outside the Middle East in the initial offensive" or a"non-Al Qaeda target like Iraq."

"On September 4, 2004, the Washington Post reported that FBI counterintelligence investigators had questioned Wurmser, along with Feith, Harold Rhode, and Paul Wolfowitz about the passing of classified information to Ahmad Chalabi and/or the American Israel Public Affairs Committee."

Wurmser's wife, Dr. Meyrav Wurmser, co-founded the Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI)."


Dov Zakheim

"During the 2000 U.S. Presidential election campaign, Zakheim served as a foreign policy advisor to George W. Bush "

"appointed to be Undersecretary of Defense and Comptroller from 2001 to 2004 under the George W. Bush administration, and served in this capacity until April 2004. During his term as Comptroller, he was tasked to help track down the Pentagon's 2.6 trillion dollars ($2,600,000,000,000) worth of unaccounted transactions"

"As an Orthodox Jew, he gained notoriety for his involvement in ending the Israeli fighter program, the IAI Lavi . He argued that Israeli and U.S. interests would be best served by having Israel purchase F-16 fighters, rather than investing in an entirely new aircraft."

"He is currently a Vice President of Booz Allen Hamilton."


Booz Allen
Hamilton, Inc., referred to as Booz Allen is one of the oldest strategy consulting firms in the world.[1] "
"the firm generated annual total sales of over $4 billion in FY2007."

"In 2006 at the request of the Article 29 Working Group, an advisory group to the European Commission (EC), the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) and Privacy International (PI) investigated the U.S. government's SWIFT surveillance program and Booz Allen's role therein. The ACLU and PI filed a memo at the end of their investigation which called into question the ethics and legality of a government contractor (in this case Booz Allen) acting as auditors of a government program, when that contractor is heavily involved with those same agencies on other contracts. The basic statement was that a conflict of interest may exist. Beyond that, the implication was also made that Booz Allen may be complicit in a program (electronic surveillance of SWIFT) that may be deemed illegal by the EC."

"A June 28, 2007 Washington Post article [13] related how a U.S. Department of Homeland Security contract with Booz Allen increased from $2 million to more than $70 million through two no-bid contracts, one occurring after the DHS's legal office had advised DHS not to continue the contract until after a review."


Henry Kissenger

"In 2002, President George W. Bush appointed Kissinger to chair a committee to investigate the events of the September 11 attacks."

"In 2006, it was reported in the book State of Denial by Bob Woodward that Kissinger was meeting regularly with President George W. Bush and Vice President Dick Cheney to offer advice on the War in Iraq.[ 38] Kissinger confirmed in recorded interviews with Woodward"


Norman Podhoretz

"He asserts that the War on Terror is a war against Islamofascism, and constitutes World War IV (World War III having been the Cold War), and advocates the bombing of Iran to pre-empt their acquisition of nuclear weapons."

"Project for the New American Century, PNAC, original signer"

"Podhoretz is the father of John Podhoretz, a columnist for the Rupert Murdoch-owned New York Post, who also acts as a ubiquitous booster of the hawks"


John Podhoretz

"Podhoretz has been one of the most steadfast supporters of U.S. president George W. Bush, and even wrote a book extolling Bush as"the first great leader of the 21stcentury"."

"Podhoretz is emphatic in his defense of Israel"

"However, Podhoretz was critical of the tactics used by Israel's leadership in the recent Lebanon conflict, and argued that the Olmert government should have been more forceful in its efforts to weaken Hezbollah as a political and military force."

"Podhoretz has a regular column at the New York Post, has been a political commentator on Fox News, and regularly appeared on CNN's Reliable Sources. He has also worked at Time, the Washington Times, Insight, and U.S. News & World Report. Podhoretz is a contributor to The Corner, a group blog run by National Review."


Elliot Abrams

"American lawyer who has served in foreign policy positions for two Republican U.S. Presidents, Ronald Reagan and George W. Bush."

"During Bush's first term in office, he was appointed the post of Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director on the National Security Council for Near East and North African Affairs. At the start of Bush's second term, Abrams was promoted to be his Deputy National Security Advisor for Global Democracy Strategy, responsible for advancing Bush's strategy of advancing democracy abroad. Although Abrams is considered a leading neoconservative"

"He was one of the signatories of the 26 January 1998 PNAC letter sent to President Bill Clinton which called for regime-change in Iraq."


Frederick Kagan

"Frederick Kagan and his father Donald Kagan, who is a professor at Yale and a fellow at the Hudson Institute, together authored While America Sleeps: Self-Delusion, Military Weakness, and the Threat to Peace Today (2000). The book argued in favor of massive military spending and warned of future threats, including from a potential revival of Iraq's WMD program. Frederick along with his brother Robert Kagan, who is a member of the Aspen Strategy Group, and their father Donald are all signatories to the neoconservative Project for the New American Century manifesto titled Rebuilding America's Defenses (2000)"

"Kagan was said to have won-over the ear of President George W. Bush, strongly influencing his subsequent"surge" plan for changing the course of the Iraq War"


Donald Kagan

"became one of the original signers to the 1997 Statement of Principles by the neoconservative"think tank," Project for the New American Century"


Alan Dershowtiz

He is""an American political figure and criminal law professor at Harvard Law School"

"Dershowitz comments regularly on issues related to Judaism, Israel, civil liberties, the war on terror, and the First Amendment, and appears frequently in the mainstream media as a guest commentator."

"Dershowitz published an essay in the San Francisco Chronicle entitled"Want to Torture? Get a Warrant," in which he advocates the issuance of warrants permitting the torture of terrorism suspects if there were an"absolute need to obtain immediate information in order to save lives"

"James Bamford, in his column for The Washington Post of September 8, 2002, reviews Dershowitz's"idea of torture" and describes"[o] ne form of torture recommended by Dershowitz --'the sterilized needle being shoved under the fingernails'" as"chillingly Nazi-like.""

"In his book Beyond Chutzpah , Norman Finkelstein " [who is Jewish]"comments: "It is hard to make out any difference between the policy Dershowitz advocates and the Nazi destruction of Lidice , for which he expresses abhorrence-except that Jews, not Germans, would be implementing it."[33] "

"His parents, Harry and Claire, were both devout Orthodox Jews"


Daniel Pipes

"American historian and counter-terrorism analyst who specializes in the Middle East."

"regular columnist for the New York Sun and The Jerusalem Post. He contributes regularly to David Horowitz's online publication FrontPage Magazine, and he has had his work published by many newspapers across North America, including the Washington Post, New York Times, and Wall Street Journal.[ citation needed] He is frequently invited to discuss the Middle East on American network television, as well as by universities and think tanks, has appeared on the BBC and Al Jazeera "

"Pipes and the organization were accused of attacking academic freedom in 2002 by publishing a list of academics critical of Israel and U.S. foreign policy"

"Pipes has served in various capacities at the Departments of State and Defense, while his father served on the National Security Council, and he has testified to the United States Congress"

"Pipes is an outspoken Zionist."

"In 1987, Pipes encouraged the United States to provide Saddam Hussein with upgraded weapons and intelligence, ostensibly to counterbalance Iran 's successes in the Iran-Iraq War"

"Pipes was a strong backer of the Iraq War, saying that Saddam Hussein posed an"imminent threat" to the United States.[ 2] In a New York Post article published April 8, 2003, Pipes expressed his opposition to Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak's concerned prediction that"[the] war [in Iraq] will have horrible consequences...Terrorism will be aggravated...Terrorist organizations will be united...Everything will be insecure." Though this concern was echoed by various other politicians and academics cited by Pipes in his article,[ 18] Pipes argued that"the precise opposite is more likely to happen: The war in Iraq will lead to a reduction in terrorism."


Eliot Cohen

"Cohen is the Director of the Strategic Studies department at SAIS and has specialized in strategic studies, the Middle East, Persian Gulf, Iraq, arms control, and NATO. He is a member of the Project for the New American Century and was called"the most influential neoconservative in academe" by energy economist Ahmad Faruqui. He is currently serving as Counselor to the U.S. State Department."

"Cohen was one of the first neoconservatives to publicly advocate war against Iran and Iraq"
Quote by Cohen:"We know that he [Saddam Hussain ] supports terror. There's very solid evidence that the Iraqis were behind an attempt to assassinate President Bush's father. And we--by the way, we do know that there is a connection with the 9/11 terrorists."

"As a member of the Defense Policy Board Advisory Committee Cohen had also been engaged in meetings involving US President George Bush. During these meetings Cohen provided advice on strategy in the Iraq conflict"

"On 2 March 2007 it was reported by the Washington Post that Cohen was to be appointed as Condoleezza Rice's"counselor" at the United States Department of State."

"Regarding the"academic paper titled The Israel Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy. The paper criticizes the Israel lobby for influencing U.S. foreign policy in the Middle East away from U.S. interests and towards Israel 's interests. Eliot Cohen, who is Jewish, wrote in a prominent op-ed piece in The Washington Post that the academic working paper bears all the traditional hallmarks of anti-Semitism"


Bill Kristol

"He is the son of Irving Kristol, one of the founders of the neoconservative movement"

"Kristol was a strong advocate of the Iraq war"

"Most recently he has been a vocal supporter of the Israeli attack on Lebanon, stating that the war is"our war too," referring to the United States. He continues to back the Iraq war, and favors a war with Iran "

"Kristol caused controversy by praising President George W. Bush's second inaugural address without disclosing his role as a consultant to the writing of the speech."


Irving Kristol

"considered the founder of American neoconservatism "

"Kristol is the founder of the politics and culture journal The Public Interest and the foreign affairs journal The National Interest."


Max Boot

"He has been a prominent advocate for neoconservative foreign policy, once describing his own position as support for the use of"American might to promote American ideals" throughout the world."

"He is a senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, a contributing editor to The Weekly Standard, a weekly columnist for the Los Angeles Times and a regular contributor to other publications including the Financial Times and The New York Times."

"He is also a consultant to the U.S. military and a regular lecturer at U.S. military institutions such as the Army War College and the Command and General Staff College. He has previously worked for The Wall Street Journal and The Christian Science Monitor"


James Schlesinger

"James Rodney Schlesinger (born February 15 , 1929 ) was United States Secretary of Defense from 1973 to 1975 under presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford . He became America 's first Secretary of Energy under Jimmy Carter ."

"Schlesinger was born in New York City to Rae, a Russian Jewish immigrant, and Julius Schlesinger, an Austrian Jew ."

"On February 2 , 1973 he became Director of Central Intelligence , after Richard Helms"

"Thereafter he resumed his writing and speaking career and was employed as a senior adviser to Lehman Brothers, Kuhn Loeb Inc. , of New York City . On June 11 , 2002 he was appointed by U.S. President George W. Bush to the Homeland Security Advisory Council . He also serves as a consultant to the United States Department of Defense , and is a member of theDefense Policy Board . On January 5 , 2006 , he participated in a meeting at the White House of former Secretaries of Defense and State to discuss United States foreign policy with Bush administration officials. On January 31, 2006 he was appointed by the Secretary of State to be a member of the Arms Control and Nonproliferation Advisory Board. On May 2 , 2006 , he was named to be a co-chairman of a Defense Science Board study on DOD Energy Strategy."


Marc Grossman

"Marc Grossman was the United States Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs from 2001 to 2005."
"Before assuming these duties, Grossman served as Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Political Military Affairs."

"He was Director General of the Foreign Service and Director of Human Resources, from June 2000 to February 2001, and Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs, from August 1997 to May 2000. From November 1994 to June 1997, he served as U.S. Ambassador to Turkey . Prior to this, from January 1993 to September 1994, he was Special Assistant to the Secretary of State and Executive Secretary of the Department of State.

Before assuming these duties, Grossman served as Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Political Military Affairs. He was Executive Assistant to Deputy Secretary of State John C. Whitehead from September 1986 to January 1989."

"he retired from the State Department as the Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs. Ambassador Grossman served as the Department's third-ranking official, supporting U.S. diplomacy worldwide. Following the September 11th attacks, he helped marshal international diplomatic support for the Global war on Terrorism and for the military campaigns in Afghanistan and Iraq ."


"Religion: Jewish "


Joshua Bolten

"Joshua Brewster Bolten (born August 16 1954 is the current White House Chief of Staff serving U.S. President George W. Bush . Bolten replaced Andrew Card on April 14 , 2006 ."

"Bolten's father, Seymour, worked for the CIA "

"Formerly the Director of Office of Management and Budget (OMB), Bolten was confirmed by the U.S. Senate to that position in 2003. Bolten was Deputy Chief of Staff for Policy at theWhite House from 2001 to 2003. He previously served as policy director for the 2000 George W. Bush Presidential campaign from 1999 to 2000 and as Executive Director for Legal and Government Affairs at Goldman Sachs in London from 1994 to 1999."


09.13.2012. 12:22

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